What Periodontal Disease Is And How Vitamin D Helps

Vitamin D drawn in the sand

The importance of Vitamin D to healthy teeth and bones is well-known. What is less well-known is that many aspects of our oral health rely on it. Vitamin D Deficiency is connected to low-mineral bone density and inflammatory diseases. Periodontal disease is one inflammatory disease that is known to be affected by Vitamin D deficiency. As the leading reason adults experience tooth loss, it’s essential to do what we can to keep periodontitis at bay. Ensuring you get enough Vitamin D is just one way you can accomplish this goal.


What Periodontal Disease Is And How Vitamin D Helps

Periodontal disease often referred to as PD, is an infection of the gums. This condition most often occurs in those who fail to perform proper oral hygiene. The resulting build-up of bacteria leads to gingivitis, the first stage of gum disease. The bacteria can irritate the gingival tissue, causing them to become tender, red, and inflamed. They’ll also be more susceptible to bleeding, which can allow bacteria to get into the gums themselves. When they do, the infection spreads. This infection can attack the tissues of the gum and jawbone and can cause tooth loss. 

Vitamin D and Periodontal Disease

Vitamin D interacts with approximately 2,000 genes in our body. It also helps to counter periodontal disease in these ways:

  • Antimicrobial Properties – Two peptides known as cathelicidins and defensins are produced by Vitamin D. These peptides have natural antibiotic and antimicrobial effects that counter bacteria in the mouth. Vitamin D is also known to reduce an enzyme known as matrix metalloproteinases associated with periodontal disease.
  • Maintains Bone Strength – Vitamin D plays an essential role in maintaining the strength of our bones. It’s known to boost bone formation and a process known as bone resorption. This process is an essential part of the body’s ability to remodel bone and form new bone.
  • Improves Periodontitis – Studies have shown that Vitamin D helps to slow the development of periodontitis. It also helps in healing from the resulting damage and preventing the damage from occurring.

The presence of Vitamin D, when combined with calcium supplementation, has many benefits. It reduces the debris and tartar discovered on teeth, reduces gingival pocketing and bleeding, and boosts tooth stability. This information has led researchers to support the use of Vitamin D and Calcium supplements in the treatment of periodontitis.

How To Ensure You Get Sufficient Vitamin D In Your Diet

Getting enough Vitamin D to promote oral health is relatively easy for many. Just a little time each day spent in the sun will ensure that you get more than enough of this Vitamin. However, you may also want to consider eating more shrimp, egg yolks, salmon, and sardines. There are also Vitamin D supplements that you can purchase. Most cow milk in the United States is fortified with Vitamin D and is thus a good source. Reach out to your dentist for additional help in preventing and treating periodontitis. Call today to schedule a consultation with your dental professional today!


Alireza Movassaghi, D.D.S and Other Dentist Dr. Alireza Movassaghi brings 30 years of experience to the practice at Alvarado Family Dental Center. As a graduate of the USC School of Dentistry, he works tirelessly to expand access to dental care throughout the Los Angeles area. Along with his passion for expert dental care, he exhibits a love of soccer and beautiful cars.
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